The basics needed to build a solar-powered home

As we move away from non-renewable energy sources, solar-powered homes are growing in popularity for many reasons. Homeowners across the country are interested in how they can power their houses as cleanly and efficiently as possible, but there is still some confusion and uncertainty about home solar systems and the components you’ll need to build a solar-powered home. In this article, we’ll explain the basic components of a solar system and how they work to power your home or small business. 

Solar panels

The key component to any home solar system. Solar panels are the large, thin, flat panels usually made from silicon that you see affixed to rooftops. Solar panels absorb sunlight that is then converted into energy that powers your home or business. The solar panel set-up that works best for you is dependent upon several factors, including energy requirements, the shape and condition of your roof, the climate you live in, and how much direct sunlight your roof receives throughout the day. 

Solar inverters

A solar inverter is the piece of equipment that converts sunlight absorbed by the solar panels into energy. There are three main types of solar inverters:

  • Power optimizers

These are installed in each panel to optimize the direct current of each solar panel.

  • Centralized inverters

These are the most affordable, but tend to be less efficient. Especially if part of your roof is shaded from sunlight.

  • Microinverters

Typically the costliest option, these inverters are very efficient even when some solar panels don’t receive direct sunlight.

Solar storage 

Many homeowners invest in solar batteries that store energy for later: at night, in adverse weather when there’s no sunlight, or when the electric grid isn’t available. Solar storage is an excellent investment because it continues delivering solar power to your home instead of having to draw from your city’s grid. 

Solar performance monitoring in NJ 

How do you measure the performance of your solar system? Monitoring systems show you exactly how much electricity your solar panels generate every hour, every day, and even every year. You’ll have total visibility of how much energy your solar system generates, as well as how much energy your household uses on a regular basis. 

If you’re considering installing a home solar system and would like more information, or if you have any other solar energy questions, please contact our team at Green House Solar today. Discover why so many people in NJ partner with us to build the solar-powered home of their dreams. We look forward to hearing from you.